Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) is a typical vascular feeder, primarily sucking the phloem sap of host plants. Its feeding on rice, Oryza sativa L., plants changes the pattern of allocation of assimilates between roots and shoots, and the root:shoot (R/S) ratio of assimilates is often measured as an index of physiological responses to N. lugens. The current study investigated changes in the R/S ratio of biomass, sucrose, and soluble sugar contents of rice plants in a susceptible variety (TN1) and a resistant variety (Xieyou 963). The results demonstrated that root and shoot biomasses in the two varieties linearly decreased with the increase of N. lugens infestation density. However, the relationship between changes in the R/S ratio of biomass and N. lugens density differed between rice varieties, with the R/S increasing with infestation density in TN1 and decreasing in Xieyou 963. Sucrose and soluble sugar contents and their R/S values were also significantly different between the two varieties. Compared with the control that was not infested by N. lugens, the R/S values of sucrose and soluble sugar at 3 days after infestation (DAI) increased but decreased at 6 DAI in TN1. The R/S values of sucrose and soluble sugar were higher at 6 DAI than those at 3 DAI in TN1, whereas these values were lower at 6 DAI than at 3 DAI in Xieyou 963. These contrasting results suggest that physiological responses to N. lugens infestation differ between the susceptible and tolerant rice varieties.
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Vol. 101 • No. 2