Infestation of pouch-packaged spaghetti by Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) was observed in Japan in May 2006. It was suggested that 30% of all shipped pasta products sustain damage to the packages heat-sealed before reaching retail stores. Hence, we investigated the mechanisms by which S. oryzae and Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) adults invade pasta packaged in polypropylene pouches. In the damaged packages, both species entered through the breaks in the seal and laid their eggs on the pasta. However, in the intact packages, the adults of both species bit around air vent holes in the film, but they did not make the holes big enough for entry into the pouch. We also compared each species’ developmental periods from oviposition to emergence in pasta and brown rice (Oryza spp.). The average developmental period of both species at 25°C was shorter in rice than in pasta. The number of individuals emerging from brown rice was significantly higher than that from pasta. Finally, we suggested a measure to prevent infestation by insect pests in pouch-packaged pasta products.
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Vol. 101 • No. 3