The effects of irradiation on egg, larval, and pupal development, and adult reproduction in Mexican leafroller, Amorbia emigratella Busck (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), were examined. Eggs, neonates, early instars, late instars, early pupae, and late pupae were irradiated at target doses of 60, 90, 120, or 150 Gy, or they were left untreated as controls in replicated factorial experiments. Survival to the adult stage was recorded. Tolerance to radiation increased with increasing age and developmental stage. A radiation dose of 90 Gy applied to neonates and early instars prevented adult emergence. A dose of 150 Gy was not sufficient to prevent adult emergence in late instars or pupae. The effect of irradiation on sterility was examined in late pupae and adult moths. For progeny produced by insects treated as late pupae, a total of three out of 3,130 eggs hatched at 90 Gy, 0 out of 2,900 eggs hatched at 120 Gy, and 0 out of 1,700 eggs hatched at 150 Gy. From regression analysis, the dose predicted to prevent egg hatch from the progeny of irradiated late pupae was 120 Gy, with a 95% confidence interval of 101–149 Gy. The late pupa is the most radiotolerant stage likely to occur with exported commodities; therefore, a minimum absorbed radiation dose of 149 Gy (nominally 150 Gy) has potential as a quarantine treatment. Reciprocal crosses between irradiated and unirradiated moths demonstrated that males were more radiotolerant than females. Irradiation of female moths at a target dose of 90 Gy before pairing and mating with irradiated or unirradiated males resulted in no viable eggs, whereas irradiated males paired with unirradiated females produced viable eggs at 90 and 150 Gy.
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Vol. 101 • No. 3