The sensitivity of the second, third (L3), and fourth (L4) instars of Culex pipiens L. and Ochlerotatus sticticus (Meigen) to two larvicides, temephos and Bacillus thuringiensis variety israelensis (Bti) was tested with and without molting occurring in the experiments. In the first experiment for both tested mosquito species, LC50 values increased from the second to the fourth instar when tested against temephos, whereas for Bti the opposite trend was observed. The highest LC50 value was found for fourth instars of Cx. pipens (0.00405 mg/liter) against temephos and for second instars of Oc. sticticus (0.267 mg/liter) against Bti. The determined LC50 values for the second and third instars of both species decreased with an increased number of molted larvae in the experiments with temephos. For the experiments with Bti molting did not have any significant influence on LC50 values, except a small increase in toxicity during the L3/L4 molt of Oc. sticticus. These findings could help assess and define larviciding, as well as influence the quantity of larvicides needed for an efficient treatment.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 101 • No. 4