Susceptibility to oxydemeton-methyl and imidacloprid, and the inhibitory effects of oxydemeton-methyl and some organophosphate compounds on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and carboxylesterase activity were studied in two populations (Karaj and Rasht) of green peach aphids, Myzus persicae (Sulzer). Results show that the Karaj population was resistant to oxydemeton-methyl but susceptible to imidacloprid. The esterase activity of the resistant and susceptible populations suggests that one of the resistance mechanisms to oxydemeton-methyl was esterase-based. The inhibition assay shows that the AChE of the Karaj population is less sensitive to oxydemeton-methyl and paraoxon derivatives. Regarding the paraoxon derivatives, the smaller paraoxon side chain is more potent against the modified AChE than against the AChE from the susceptible strain. Fertility life table parameters of green peach aphid populations resistant and susceptible to oxydemeton-methyl also were studied under laboratory conditions. The standard errors of the population growth parameters were calculated using the Jackknife method. Results showed that susceptible strain exhibits a significantly higher rm than the resistant strain, probably because the resistant strain had a higher generation time than the susceptible strain. These results suggested that the resistant Karaj strain may be less fit than the susceptible strain.
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Vol. 101 • No. 4