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1 February 2009 Effects of Captan on Apis mellifera Brood Development Under Field Conditions in California Almond Orchards
R. Everich, C. Schiller, J. Whitehead, M. Beavers, K. Barrett
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Abstract

Three almond field trials were conducted during 2003 and 2004 at two locations in central (Fresno County) and northern (Yolo County) California to evaluate the potential effects of commercial applications of Captan on honey bees, Apis mellifera L. Captan was applied at 5.0 kg (AI)/ha during bloom. Hives were evaluated for hive health and brood development parameters for ∼2 mo after application. This study showed that the application of Captan was not harmful to foraging honey bees or their brood. No treatment-related effects were noted on hive weights, dead bee deformity, number of dead bees, survival of individual larvae, weight of individual emerging adults, and other hive health parameters.

© 2009 Entomological Society of America
R. Everich, C. Schiller, J. Whitehead, M. Beavers, and K. Barrett "Effects of Captan on Apis mellifera Brood Development Under Field Conditions in California Almond Orchards," Journal of Economic Entomology 102(1), 20-29, (1 February 2009). https://doi.org/10.1603/029.102.0104
Received: 29 February 2008; Accepted: 1 October 2008; Published: 1 February 2009
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