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1 February 2009 Integrating Chemical and Biological Control of European Corn Borer in Bell Pepper
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Using multiple locations and a series of field trials over 2 yr, we evaluated an integrated pest management program for Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) management in peppers involving biorational chemistries, inundative releases of Trichogramma ostriniae (Pang & Chen), and conservation of generalist predators. In small plot trials, three biorational insecticides (spinosad, indoxacarb, and methoxyfenozide) provided comparable control of O. nubilalis as two broad-spectrum conventional insecticides (acephate and lambda-cyhalothrin). However, lambda-cyhalothrin at most locations, and indoxacarb at one location, resulted in outbreaks of green peach aphids. We also observed significant effects on the generalist predator community: beneficial communities in methoxyfenozide-treated plots were most similar to untreated controls, and acephate-treated plots were the least similar. Management systems comparing untreated controls, inundative release of T. ostriniae with methoxyfenozide applied when lepidopterans exceeded thresholds, or weekly applications of acephate or lambda-cyhalothrin, showed no effects on marketable fruit or percentage of fruit damaged, but the conventional insecticide approach caused aphid flares. Inun-dative releases of T. ostriniae and biorational chemistries provide a more environmentally sound approach to managing O. nubilalis in peppers, due, in part, to conservation of generalist predators.

© 2009 Entomological Society of America
Anna V. Chapman, Thomas P. Kuhar, Peter B. Schultz, Timothy W. Leslie, Shelby J. Fleischer, Galen P. Dively, and Joanne Whalen "Integrating Chemical and Biological Control of European Corn Borer in Bell Pepper," Journal of Economic Entomology 102(1), 287-295, (1 February 2009).
Received: 5 February 2008; Accepted: 1 August 2008; Published: 1 February 2009

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