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1 December 2009 Application of Feces Extracts and Synthetic Analogues of the Host Marking Pheromone of Anastrepha ludens Significantly Reduces Fruit Infestation by A. obliqua in Tropical Plum and Mango Backyard Orchards
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Abstract

We determined the efficacy of three potential oviposition deterrents in reducing fruit infestation by Anastrepha obliqua in tropical plum and mango orchards. These were: (1) Extracts of feces of Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens, known to contain the A. ludens host marking pheromone (HMP) and (2) two fully synthetic simplified analogues of the naturally occurring compound, which we have named desmethyl A. ludens HMP (DM-HMP) and Anastrephamide. Two applications of feces extracts 2 or 3 wk before fruit color break reduced A. obliqua infestation in plums by 94.1, 75.9, and 72% when measured 8, 14, and 25 d, respectively, after application. The natural A. ludens-HMP containing extract retained its effectiveness despite considerable rainfall (112.5 mm) and high A. obliqua populations. The synthetic desmethyl HMP derivative (DM-HMP) also reduced infestation in plums by 53.3 and 58.7% when measured, 18 and 26 d, respectively, after application. Finally, applications of Anastrephamide resulted in fruit loss cut by half and an 80% reduction in numbers of fly larvae per fruit. Our results confirm previous findings indicating that there is interspecific crossrecognition of the HMP in two of the most pestiferous Anastrepha species and open the door for the development of a highly selective, biorational Anastrepha management scheme.

© 2009 Entomological Society of America
Martín Aluja, F. Díaz-Fleischer, E. F. Boller, J. Hurter, A.J.F. Edmunds, L. Hagmann, B. Patrian, and J. Reyes "Application of Feces Extracts and Synthetic Analogues of the Host Marking Pheromone of Anastrepha ludens Significantly Reduces Fruit Infestation by A. obliqua in Tropical Plum and Mango Backyard Orchards," Journal of Economic Entomology 102(6), 2268-2278, (1 December 2009). https://doi.org/10.1603/029.102.0632
Received: 27 January 2009; Accepted: 1 October 2009; Published: 1 December 2009
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