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1 October 2010 Resistance of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea capitata Group) Crops to Mamestra brassicae
M. E. Cartea, M. Francisco, M. Lema, P. Soengas, P. Velasco
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Abstract

Twenty-one cabbage (Brassica oleracea capitata group) varieties, including 16 local varieties and five commercial hybrids, were screened for resistance to the moth Mamestra brassicae L. under natural and artificial conditions in northwestern Spain. Resistance was assessed as the proportion of damaged plants and damaged leaves, leaf feeding injury, and number of larvae present. Correlation coefficients among damage traits showed that a visual scale (general appearance rating) should be a useful indicator of resistance. Most local varieties were highly susceptible to M. brassicae, whereas the commercial hybrids tested were resistant in terms of head foliage consumption and number of larvae per plant. Performance of varieties was similar under natural and artificial infestation although some of them performed differently at each year. Three local varieties (MBG-BRS0057, MBG-BRS0074, and MBG-BRS0452) were highly susceptible at both natural and artificial infestation conditions being MBG-BRS0074 the most damaged variety. Two local varieties (MBG-BRS0402 and MBG-BRS0535) and commercial hybrids were identified as resistant or moderately resistant to M. brassicae. Among them, ‘Corazon de Buey’ and ‘Cabeza negra’ were the most resistant and produced compact heads. These varieties could be useful sources of resistance to obtain resistant varieties to M. brassicae or as donors of resistance to other Brassica crops. The possible role of leaf traits, head compactness, and leaf glucosinolate content in relation to M. brassicae resistance is discussed.

© 2010 Entomological Society of America
M. E. Cartea, M. Francisco, M. Lema, P. Soengas, and P. Velasco "Resistance of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea capitata Group) Crops to Mamestra brassicae," Journal of Economic Entomology 103(5), 1866-1874, (1 October 2010). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC09375
Received: 5 November 2009; Accepted: 1 June 2010; Published: 1 October 2010
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KEYWORDS
artificial infestation
Brassica
glucosinolates
Mamestra brassicae
plant defense
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