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1 February 2011 Comparison of Male and Female Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Responses to Phoebe Oil and (Z)-3-Hexenol Lures in Light Green Prism Traps
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We conducted trapping experiments for the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in Michigan, USA, and Ontario, Canada, to compare unbaited light green sticky prism traps with traps baited with phoebe oil, (Z)-3-hexenol (Z3-6:OH), or blends of other green leaf volatiles (GLVs) with Z3-6:OH. Traps were placed in the lower canopy of ash trees (Fraxinus spp.). Catches with Z3-6:OH—baited traps showed a significant male bias and these traps caught significantly more males than the unbaited controls at both sites. They were also superior to phoebe oil-baited traps and those baited with GLV blends. Catches with phoebe oil showed a significant female bias but there was no difference in the number of females captured between traps baited with phoebe oil or Z3-6:OH lures. Catches were analyzed at regular time intervals to examine the response of A. planipennis to the lures over the course of the flight season. Z3-6:OH—baited traps consistently caught more males than the controls at each interval throughout the flight season. Catches of females with Z3-6:OH and phoebe oil were significantly better than the controls early in the flight season but declined to control levels by midseason. Our results suggest that Z3-6:OH—baited green traps placed in the ash canopy would be a superior lure for detecting and monitoring A. planipennis throughout the flight season.

© 2011 Entomological Society of America
Gary G. Grant, Therese M. Poland, Tina Ciaramitaro, D. Barry Lyons, and Gene C. Jones "Comparison of Male and Female Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Responses to Phoebe Oil and (Z)-3-Hexenol Lures in Light Green Prism Traps," Journal of Economic Entomology 104(1), 173-179, (1 February 2011).
Received: 27 May 2010; Accepted: 1 October 2010; Published: 1 February 2011

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