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1 April 2011 Biological Control of Indianmeal Moth and Rice Weevil by Parasitoids with Reference to the Intraspecific Competition Pattern
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Abstract

Biological control of rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (L.), and Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner), by their parasitoids Anisopteromalus calandrae (Howard) and Bracon hebetor Say was examined while considering the intraspecific competition pattern of the pests. In both experimental and simulation studies, A. calandrae was shown to suppress the rice weevil population, a contest type competitor, regardless of the parasitoid/weevil ratios tested. In contrast, B. hebetor only significantly suppressed the Indianmeal moth, a scramble type competitor, when the parasitoid/moth ratio was >0.05. At ratios lower than 0.05, the role of B. hebetor was negligible, and the correlation coefficients between the number of moths that had emerged and the parasitoid/moth ratio was estimated to be 0.07. The control efficiency of the two parasitoids with respect to the parasitoid/host ratio was estimated using a ratio-response model. To suppress the weevil density to a level that was only 10% of the current density, the ratio was estimated to be 0.02, whereas this value was 0.14 for the Indianmeal moth. However, for the continuous suppression of the Indianmeal moth, periodic and iterative introduction of B. hebetor was required.

© 2011 Entomological Society of America
Youngwoo Nam, Jeongyeon Ji, Ja Hyun Na, Yong Shik Chun, and Mun Il Ryoo "Biological Control of Indianmeal Moth and Rice Weevil by Parasitoids with Reference to the Intraspecific Competition Pattern," Journal of Economic Entomology 104(2), 693-701, (1 April 2011). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC10242
Received: 29 June 2010; Accepted: 1 November 2010; Published: 1 April 2011
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