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1 August 2011 Chemical Ecology and Management of Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
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The moth Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) feeds on grapes (Vitis vinifera L.), reducing yield and increasing susceptibility to fungal infections. L. botrana is among the most economically important insects in Europe and has recently been found in vineyards in Chile, Argentina, and California. Here, we review L. botrana biology and behavior in relation to its larval host (the grapevine) and its natural enemies. We also discuss current and future control strategies in light of our knowledge of chemical ecology, with an emphasis on the use of the sex pheromone-based strategies as an environmentally safe management approach. Pheromone-mediated mating disruption is the most promising technique available on grapes and is currently implemented on ≈140,000 ha in Europe. Experience from several growing areas confirms the importance of collaboration between research, extension, growers, and pheromone-supply companies for the successful implementation of the mating disruption technique. In the vineyards where mating disruption has been successfully applied as an areawide strategy, the reduction in insecticide use has improved the quality of life for growers, consumers, as well as the public living near wine-growing areas and has thereby reduced the conflict between agricultural and urban communities.

© 2011 Entomological Society of America
C. Ioriatti, G. Anfora, M. Tasin, A. De Cristofaro, P. Witzgall, and A. Lucchi "Chemical Ecology and Management of Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 104(4), 1125-1137, (1 August 2011).
Received: 9 December 2010; Accepted: 1 April 2011; Published: 1 August 2011

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