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1 August 2011 Development, Survival, and Reproduction of the Psocid Liposcelis yunnaniensis (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae) at Constant Temperatures
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We investigated the effects often constant temperatures (20.0, 22.5, 25.0, 27.5, 30.0, 32.5, 35.0, 37.5, 39.0, and 41.0°C) on the development, survival, and reproduction of the psocid Liposcelis yunnaniensis Li & Li (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae). At 39.0 and 41.0°C, none of individuals could develop successfully or reproduce. From 20 to 37.5°C, the development period from egg to adult ranged from 64.3 d at 20°C to 16.1 d at 35°C. The lower developmental threshold for egg, nymph, and combined immature stages were estimated at 15.08, 15.13, and 14.77°C, respectively. After emergence the females went through a preoviposition period that ranged from 18.5 d at 22.5°C to 3.11 d at 35°C, whereas it was 16.3 d at 20°C. Liposcelis yunnaniensis produced most eggs at 35°C and the fewest at 22.5°C. The population reared at 35°C had the highest intrinsic rate of increase, shorter mean generation time, and shortest population doubling time compared with other temperatures. According to Weibull frequency distribution, L. yunnaniensis reared at all the temperatures had type III survivorship curves (c < 1.0). Based on life-table parameter estimations, we suggest that optimum range of temperatures for this species is from 25 to 37.5°C. These data give us useful information on population biology of L. yunnaniensis and can be used to better manage this species.

© 2011 Entomological Society of America
Muhammad Waqar Hassan, Wei Dou, Li Chen, Hong-Bo Jiang, and Jin-Jun Wang "Development, Survival, and Reproduction of the Psocid Liposcelis yunnaniensis (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae) at Constant Temperatures," Journal of Economic Entomology 104(4), 1436-1444, (1 August 2011).
Received: 11 February 2011; Accepted: 1 May 2011; Published: 1 August 2011

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