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1 December 2011 Response of Female Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) to a Spinosad Bait and Polymer Matrix Mixture with Extended Residual Effect in Hawaii
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Abstract

The effectiveness of foliar applications of protein baits against pestiferous fruit flies (Tephritidae) can be adversely affected by a rapid loss of attractive volatile compounds and by rainfall due to the high water solubility of the baits. In a large coffee, Coffea arabica L., plantation in Hawaii with high and low populations of Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), the relative attractiveness of GF-120 NF Naturalyte Fruit Fly Bait as either a 40% (vol:vol) spray solution (= GF-120 NF) or as a formulated proprietary amorphous polymer matrix (=GF-120 APM) was compared. The GF-120 APM formulations contained either, 25, 50, or 75% of GF-120 NF (wt:wt). All baits were tested in association with visually attractive yellow bait stations as a way of standardizing the evaluations. With both high and low C. capitata populations, significantly more females were attracted to the fresh sprayed GF-120 NF than to any of the three fresh GF-120 APM formulations. The attractiveness of GF-120 sprayed decreased significantly after 1 wk, whereas 1-wk-old GF-120 APM formulations were as attractive as similar fresh formulations. GF-120 APM 75% aged for 3 wk outperformed similarly-aged sprayed GF-120 NF with comparatively high C. capitata populations. With low populations, both GF-120 APM 75% and GF-120 APM 50% aged for 2 wk outperformed the similarly aged sprayed GF-120 NF. Combined findings indicate that APM mixed with either 50 or 75% GF-120 applied to bait stations can be attractive to female C. capitata for up to 3 wk longer than the standard sprayed GF-120 NF.

Jaime C. Piñero, Steven K. Souder, Luis E. Gomez, Ronald F. L. Mau, and Roger I. Vargas "Response of Female Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) to a Spinosad Bait and Polymer Matrix Mixture with Extended Residual Effect in Hawaii," Journal of Economic Entomology 104(6), 1856-1863, (1 December 2011). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC11056
Received: 25 February 2011; Accepted: 1 June 2011; Published: 1 December 2011
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