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1 December 2011 Evaluation of Buffalograss Genotypes and Full-Sibs for Chinch Bug Resistance
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Abstract

Fifteen buffalograss, Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm, genotypes and 94 diploid full-sib progeny were evaluated for western chinch bug, Blissus occiduus Barber (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae), resistance in two separate studies. The experimental design for each study was a completely randomized design. Adult chinch bugs were introduced onto caged single clone genotypes and progeny in the greenhouse. Chinch bug damage was assessed using a 1–5 visual damage rating scale with 1 = ≤ 10%; 2 = 11–30%; 3 = 31–50%; 4 = 51–70%; and 5 = ≥ 70% of the buffalograss leaf area with severe discoloration, or dead tissue. Highly significant differences were found among the genotypes and progeny for chinch bug damage. Among the genotypes, Legacy, Prestige, 184, 196, Bowie, NE 3297, NE 2769, and NE 2768 were moderately resistant with damage ratings of >1, but <3, while NE 2990, NE 2838, and 1-57-19 were moderately susceptible with damage ratings of ≥3, but <4. Among the progeny, one progeny (MP45) was highly resistant with a chinch bug damage rating of 1.0, 78 progeny (83%) had moderate resistance, with damage ratings of >1.0 and <3.0, 13 progeny (14%) were moderately susceptible with damage ratings ranging from 3.0 to 3.9, while only two were highly susceptible with damage ratings of ≥4.0. The significant variability among genotypes and progeny for chinch bug resistance indicates the ability to improve buffalograss resistance to chinch bugs through selection or hybridization of selected genotypes.

© 2011 Entomological Society of America
Desalegn D. Serba, Tiffany M. Heng-Moss, Robert C. Shearman, Bekele G. Abeyo, P. Stephen Baenziger, and Donald J. Lee "Evaluation of Buffalograss Genotypes and Full-Sibs for Chinch Bug Resistance," Journal of Economic Entomology 104(6), 2073-2077, (1 December 2011). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC11153
Received: 13 May 2011; Accepted: 1 September 2011; Published: 1 December 2011
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