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1 December 2011 Phytosanitary Irradiation of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae)
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Abstract

Agromyzid leafminers are economic and quarantine pests of a variety of vegetables, flowers, and ornamental foliage. Methyl bromide fumigation is often used as a phytosanitary treatment when quarantined agromyzids are found in shipped commodities; alternative treatments are sought. Ionizing radiation is a viable alternative that is increasing in use worldwide. A dose of 400 Gy is accepted by USDA-APHIS for all insects (except Lepidoptera pupae and adults) on all commodities. Efforts to lower this dose and make it acceptable to other countries involve determining radiotolerance of families of major quarantine pests. Agromyzidae is one such family for which no useful information on radiotolerance exists. This research sought to determine the dose required to control a major agromyzid pest, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) and was performed on L. trifolii collected in Weslaco, TX, reared on Phaseolus vulgaris L. and Capsicum annuum L. and irradiated in the late puparial stage. The measure of efficacy was prevention of F1 mine formation. Puparia collected from Gossypium hirsutum L. and reared on P. vulgaris were more radiotolerant than those collected and reared on C. annuum. A dose of 214 Gy may prevent F1 mine formation of L. trifolii. This research used a variation of probit analysis where the direct response of the treated individual is not measured, but the response of the F1 generation is. This type of analysis is useful in phytosanitary irradiation research where the measure of efficacy often involves a response of the F1 generation.

Guy J. Hallman, Kun Guo, and Tong-Xian Liu "Phytosanitary Irradiation of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 104(6), 1851-1855, (1 December 2011). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC11185
Received: 7 June 2011; Accepted: 1 August 2011; Published: 1 December 2011
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