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1 April 2012 Efficacy of Wax Matrix Bait Stations for Mediterranean Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Nancy D. Epsky, David Midgarden, Pedro Rendón, David Villatoro, Robert R. Heath
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Tests were conducted that evaluated efficacy of wax matrix bait stations for Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) adults in Guatemala. Bait stations were exposed to outdoor conditions to determine effect of weathering on longevity as indicated by bait station age. Results of laboratory tests found that bait stations with spinosad and ammonium acetate remained effective for at least 31 d compared with pesticide-free controls, although there was some loss of efficacy over time. Percentage mortality for bait station strips with 2% spinosad and 1% ammonium acetate decreased from 100 ± 0.0% on day 0 to 70 ± 7.1% after 31 d. Ammonia concentration had little effect on percentage mortality although there was some indication that ammonia concentration affected number of flies observed on the bait stations. Bait station strips (one per cage) were more effective than controls for 6–8 wk when tests were conducted in field cages (3 m diameter × 2 m), but only 2–3 wk when tests were conducted in large (2.5 m high and 6.0 m wide and 7.5 m long) field cages. Longevity was restored when multiple bait stations (3, 6, or 12) were deployed per cage. Bait stations containing methomyl were used for field tests of efficacy for wild flies. Dipped lure bait stations, which were made by coating two edges of commercial ammonium acetate and trimethylamine lures, killed six times more flies than corn cob bait stations dipped into a Nulure/malathion solution. They also killed more flies than pesticide-free controls for 8 wk.

Nancy D. Epsky, David Midgarden, Pedro Rendón, David Villatoro, and Robert R. Heath "Efficacy of Wax Matrix Bait Stations for Mediterranean Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 105(2), 471-479, (1 April 2012).
Received: 6 May 2011; Accepted: 9 September 2011; Published: 1 April 2012

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ammonium acetate
Ceratitis capitata
fruit fly management
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