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1 April 2012 Transcription and Induction Profiles of Three Novel P450 Genes in Liposcelis bostrychophila (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae)
Hong-Bo Jiang, Wei Dou, Pei-An Tang, Jin-Jun Wang
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Abstract

The cDNAs of three novel P450 genes, CYP4CB1, CYP4CC1, and CYP4CD1 (GenBank accessions EU979550, EU979549, and EU979551, respectively), were sequenced and characterized from the psocid Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae). CYP4CB1, CYP4CC1, and CYP4CD1 contain open reading frames of 1533, 1512, and 1536 nucleotides that encode 511, 504, and 512 amino acid residues, respectively. The putative proteins of CYP4CB1, CYP4CC1, and CYP4CD1 show predicted molecular mass of 59.65, 58.87, and 59.71 kDa, with a theoretical isoelectric point of 6.59, 8.80, and 8.84, respectively. The N-terminal transmembrane domain was only found in CYP4CB1 suggested it is a typical microsomal P450. Phylogenetic analysis showed a close relationship of CYP4CB1, CYP4CC1, and CYP4CD1 with CYP4AW1, CYP4L4, and CYP4E2. Quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction indicated that these three genes were expressed at all tested developmental stages. In addition, the highest expression occurred in the adult stage, which suggested that these three P450 genes may play important roles in adulthood. The transcripts of CYP4CB1 and CYP4CC1 in adult psocids could be induced to the highest level at 36 and 24 h after the exposure to deltamethrin and paraoxon-methyl (50% lethal concentration [LC50]), respectively, whereas CYP4CD1 remained unchanged. CYP4CD1 transcripts, however, increased rapidly at 8 h after aldicarb (LC50) induction and reached the peak at 36 h. The induction profiles of the three P450 genes suggested that CYP4CB1 and CYP4CC1 are possibly associated with deltamethrin and paraoxonmethyl metabolism in psocids, whereas CYP4CD1 is probably involved in aldicarb metabolism. However, our assumption needs to be further verified by recombinant protein expression of these proteins as well as RNA interference of these genes.

© 2012 Entomological Society of America
Hong-Bo Jiang, Wei Dou, Pei-An Tang, and Jin-Jun Wang "Transcription and Induction Profiles of Three Novel P450 Genes in Liposcelis bostrychophila (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 105(2), 560-572, (1 April 2012). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC11324
Received: 23 September 2011; Accepted: 9 December 2011; Published: 1 April 2012
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KEYWORDS
cytochrome P450 monooxygenase
insecticide induction
psocid
quantitative polymerase chain reaction
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