Potato virus Y (PVY) is one of the most economically important viruses affecting potato crops worldwide. PVY can be transmitted from potato to potato by several aphid species, most of which do not colonize the potato crop. New methods including preservation of viral RNA on stylets of aphids collected from yellow pan trap samples, polymerase chain reaction detection of PVY from the stylets of one aphid, and aphid identification using DNA barcoding were used to identify possible PVY vectors from field samples. In total, 65 aphid taxa were identified from the samples that tested positive for PVY. Among those, 45 taxa had never been evaluated for their ability to transmit PVY, and 7 were previously labeled as nonvectors. These results demonstrated that the list of PVY vectors is likely longer than previously reported and that most (if not all) species of aphids could be considered as potential vectors. This premise has important implications in the management of PVY in seed potato production.
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