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1 December 2012 Control of Grasshoppers by Combined Application of Paranosema locustae and an Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) (Cascade) inRangelands in China
Yanyan Guo, Zhao An, Wangpeng Shi
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Abstract

The relatively low direct mortality caused by Paranosema locustae (Canning) has limited its application for controlling grasshopper when densities are high, and this study sought to determine if the simultaneous use of this pathogen and the IGR, Flufenoxuron (Cascade) could provide effective control. Nine treatments were tested: 45% Malathion EC at 1500 ml/ha, 5% Cascade at 150 ml/ha, 5% Cascade at 75 ml/ha, 5% Cascade at 37.5 ml/ha, P. locustae at 7.5 × 109 spores/ha, combinations of 5% Cascade at 75 ml/ha and P. locustae at 7.5 × 109 spores/ha, applied in different rations (1:1,1:2,1:3) in the same plot, the untreated control. P. locustae was applied on nonoverlapping plots with the IGR. The different in-plot combinations of P. locustae and Cascade in different ratios provided significantly better overall control of grasshoppers (all species) than the treatment of 5% Cascade of 150 ml/ha after 5d, but combinations were not significantly different from the other concentrations of Cascade after 12 and 31 d. When results were examined separately for specific species of grasshoppers, reduction of Dasyhippus harbipes (Fischer-Waldheim), was higher than that of Myrmeleotettix palpalis (Zubovsky). While combinations showed significant differences in the infection of different grasshopper species at 5 and 12 d posttreatment, no significant differences in rate of infection among the primary species (M. palpalis, D. harbipes, and Oedaleus asiaticus Bei-Bienko) were detected 31 d posttreatment. Our study found that P. locustae by itself could control grasshopper populations at medium densities but the combined application of P. locustae and Cascade at a ratio of 1:2 was more effective against high-density grasshopper populations.

© 2012 Entomological Society of America
Yanyan Guo, Zhao An, and Wangpeng Shi "Control of Grasshoppers by Combined Application of Paranosema locustae and an Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) (Cascade) inRangelands in China," Journal of Economic Entomology 105(6), 1915-1920, (1 December 2012). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC12190
Received: 8 May 2012; Accepted: 23 July 2012; Published: 1 December 2012
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KEYWORDS
application
grasshopper
IGR
microsporidia
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