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1 April 2013 Determining Host Suitability of Pecan for Stored-Product Insects
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Abstract

A no-choice test was performed to determine survival and reproductive capacity of stored-product insect pests on pecan, Carya illinoensis (Wangenheim) Koch. Insects used were Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae); sawtoothed grain beetle, Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.) (Coleoptera: Cucujidae); red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae); lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae); and rusty grain beetle, Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Stephens) (Coleoptera: Laemo-phloeidae). Fifty adults of each beetle species or 10 reproductive pairs of P. interpunctella adults were placed in 0.5-liter containers with either whole-shell pecans, cracked-shell pecans, randomly selected in-shell pecans, pecan nutmeats, cracked wheat, or glass beads and held at 28°C, 60–70% relative humidity, and 16:8 (L:D) photoperiod for 2,4,6, and 8 wk. Four replications of each insect-diet-interval combination were performed. Larvae of P. interpunctella, O. surinamensis, T. castaneum, C. ferrugineus, and adult P. interpunctella and O. surinamensis developed on cracked and nutmeat pecan diets. R. dominica did not complete reproduction on pecans. Knowledge that these pests can reproduce on stored pecan will assist pecan growers, accumulators, and storage facilities in preventing insect outbreaks on their product.

© 2013 Entomological Society of America
A. A. Shufran, P. G. Mulder, M. E. Payton, and K. A. Shufran "Determining Host Suitability of Pecan for Stored-Product Insects," Journal of Economic Entomology 106(2), 1071-1074, (1 April 2013). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC12065
Received: 8 February 2012; Accepted: 1 January 2013; Published: 1 April 2013
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