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1 December 2013 Indica Rice Cultivar IRGA 424, Transformed with cry Genes of B. thuringiensis, Provided High Resistance Against Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
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Abstract

Plant expression of the entomopathogenic bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis cry gene has reduced the damage created by insect pests in several economically important cultures. For this study, we have conducted genetic transformation of the indica rice ‘IRGA 424,’ via Agrobacterium tumefaciens, using the B. thuringiensis cry1Aa and cry1B genes, with the objective of obtaining rice plants resistant to the insect pests from this culture. The gene constructions harbor the promoters maize proteinase inhibitor and ubiquitin. The results showed that high concentration of the hormone 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and agarose as the gelling agent helped the production of embryogenic calli for the analyzed cultivar. More than 80% of the obtained transformed plants revealed the integration, using polymerase chain reaction, of the cry1Aa and cry1B genes. Analysis of the expression of the heterologous protein by Western blotting revealed the expression of the Cry1B δelta-endotoxin in IRGA 424 plants transformed with the ubiquitin promoter. Data showed the production and dissemination of a high number of embryogenic calli in addition to obtaining plants transformed with the cry1Aa and cry1B genes until the reproductive phase. The feed bioassays with the transformed plants and Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith) larvae indicated high rates of mortality to the insect target. The highest corrected mortality rate achieved under laboratory conditions with Bt-rice plants transformed with the cry1B and cry1Aa genes was 94 and 84%, respectively. Thus, our results demonstrated the great potential of transformed Bt-rice plants in controlling the damage caused by these insect pests in rice paddy fields.

© 2013 Entomological Society of America
Laura Massochin Nunes Pinto, Lidia Mariana Fiuza, Denize Ziegler, Jaime Vargas De Oliveira, Valmir Gaedke Menezes, Isabelle Bourreí , Donaldo Meynard, Emmanuel Guiderdoni, Jean-Christophe Breitler, Illimar Altosaar, and Pascal Gantet "Indica Rice Cultivar IRGA 424, Transformed with cry Genes of B. thuringiensis, Provided High Resistance Against Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 106(6), 2585-2594, (1 December 2013). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC13163
Received: 8 April 2013; Accepted: 1 September 2013; Published: 1 December 2013
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