Changes in temperature can result in fundamental changes in plant physiology. This study investigated the impact of different temperatures from 14 to 26°C on the resistance or susceptibility to the Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say), of selected wheat cultivars that are either currently popular in the Great Plains area or soon to be released to this region. We found that many wheat cultivars including ‘Bill Brown,’ ‘Byrd,’ ‘Endurance,’ ‘Fuller,’ ‘GA-031257-10LE34,’ and ‘KS09H19-2-3’ were susceptible to Hessian fly infestation at ≥20°C, but became resistant at a certain lower temperature, depending on different cultivars. These cultivars were classified as Hessian fly susceptible according to the traditional standards, and their impact on Hessian fly management needs to be reevaluated. However, many wheat cultivars that were resistant at ≤20°C became destabilized at a certain higher temperature. Phenotypic variations among the resistant cultivars at different temperatures were also observed, suggesting potential different resistance mechanisms. Studies on the genetic and molecular mechanisms associated with resistance at different temperatures are needed, which may lead to improved wheat cultivars with more durable resistance to Hessian fly infestation.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 107 • No. 3