The success of mating disruption using synthetic sex pheromones depends not only on preventing mating, but also on delayed mating in the target insect. Using the rice leaffolder moth, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenée), we determined the effect of increased age at mating imposed on males only (male treatment), females only (female treatment), or on both sexes simultaneously (both sexes treatment). These increased age treatments had a negative effect on the percentage of mating, the total number of eggs, and the hatchability. The female reproductive performance in C. medinalis was decreased with increased moths' age. The both sexes treatment had the most potent negative effect on reproductive performance. Longevity of mated moths and duration of the preoviposition period in C. medinalis were not significantly different among these increased age treatments. The underlying mechanisms causing a decline in female reproductive performance of C. medinalis when increased age was imposed on males versus females and the potential of using mating disruption strategies to control the populations in paddy fields are discussed.
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Vol. 107 • No. 4