1 December 2014 Knockdown and Mortality of Five Stored Product Beetle Species after Short Exposures of Thiamethoxam
Fotoula C. Tsaganou, Thomas N. Vassilakos, Christos G. Athanassiou
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Laboratory bioassays were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of thiamethoxam, against five major stored-grain beetle species, the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (F.), the rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (L.), the confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val, the larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn), and the sawtoothed grain beetle, Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.). Adults of the above species were exposed on wheat (or maize in the case of P. truncatus) treated with thiamethoxam at 0.1, 1, and 10 ppm for 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 16, 40, 72, and 96 h. After each of these intervals, mortality was recorded (immediate mortality) and the surviving individuals were transferred in untreated wheat (or maize), where mortality was recorded again 7 d later (delayed mortality). During both immediate and delayed mortality counts, the number of adults that were knocked down was also recorded. Immediate mortality was low in all exposures, with the exception of the highest dose rate and after 72–96 h. At these conditions, during this interval, most of the surviving individuals were knocked down. Delayed mortality was further increased with the increase of dose and the initial exposure, but knockdown was extremely low, with the exception of P. truncatus. The results of the present work show that O. surinamensis was the least susceptible species, while P. truncatus was the most susceptible. These findings show that, despite the increased mortality, recovery after short exposures is likely for all species tested here. In this regard, partially treated areas on which the insects are exposed only for short intervals may reduce thiamethoxam efficacy.

Fotoula C. Tsaganou, Thomas N. Vassilakos, and Christos G. Athanassiou "Knockdown and Mortality of Five Stored Product Beetle Species after Short Exposures of Thiamethoxam," Journal of Economic Entomology 107(6), 2222-2228, (1 December 2014). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC14210
Received: 18 May 2014; Accepted: 1 August 2014; Published: 1 December 2014

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