The Dolichoderus thoracicus (Smith) has seriously infested urban, village, and agricultural environments in Taiwan. To develop optimal bait for the effective control of D. thoracicus, we investigated the feeding preferences of this ant at different sugar and amino acid concentrations in a laboratory setting. The number of feeding workers was significantly higher for 20% sucrose compared with that for other sugars at 10% and 20% concentrations. Furthermore, among all tested concentrations of monosodium glutamate (MSG; 1%, 3%, 5%, and 10%), the highest number of ants were attracted by 1% MSG with 20% sucrose. The consumption of each bait solution was also measured, and the results were similar to those for ant number. Regarding toxicants, the toxicity and repellency of 3% boric acid and borax bait were evaluated individually. Both 3% boric acid and borax demonstrated no repellency against D. thoracicus workers. The LT50 of the 3% boric acid bait was 4.87 d, whereas that of 3% borax bait was only 1.56 d. Thus, 3% boric acid showed further delayed action, facilitating workers spreading the toxicant to their nestmates through trophallaxis. In combination with our unique bait station, we propose an optimal bait formulation comprising 20% sucrose, 1% MSG, and 3% boric acid as a promising candidate for controlling D. thoracicus.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 110 • No. 4