Translator Disclaimer
17 May 2017 A Novel, Economical Way to Assess Virulence in Field Populations of Hessian Fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Utilizing Wheat Resistance Gene H13 as a Model
Alisha J. Johnson, Hossam E. M. Abdel Moniem, Kathy L. Flanders, G. David Buntin, Francis P. F. Reay-Jones, Dominic Reisig, Jeffery J. Stuart, Subhashree Subramanyam, Richard H. Shukle, Brandon J. Schemerhorn
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Mayetiola destructor (Say) is a serious pest of wheat, Triticum aestivum L., in North America, North Africa, and Central Asia. Singly deployed resistance genes in wheat cultivars have provided effective management of Hessian fly populations for >50 yr. Thirty-five H genes have been documented. Defense mediated by the H gene constitutes strong selection on the Hessian fly population, killing 100% of larvae. A mutation in a matching Hessian fly avirulence gene confers virulence to the H gene, leading to survival on the resistant plant. As the frequency of virulence rises in the population, the H gene loses its effectiveness for pest management. Knowing the frequency of virulence in the population is not only important for monitoring but also for decisions about which H gene should be deployed in regional wheat breeding programs. Here, we present a novel assay for detecting virulence in the field. Hessian fly males were collected in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina using sticky traps baited with Hessian fly sex pheromone. Utilizing two PCR reactions, diagnostic molecular markers for the six alleles controlling avirulence and virulence to H13 can be scored based on band size. Throughout the southeast, all three avirulence and three virulence alleles can be identified. In South Carolina, the PCR assay was sensitive enough to detect the spread of virulence into two counties previously documented as 100% susceptible to H13. The new assay also indicates that the previous methods overestimated virulence in the field owing to scoring of the plant instead of the insect.

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America 2017. This work is written by US Government employees and is in the public domain in the US.
Alisha J. Johnson, Hossam E. M. Abdel Moniem, Kathy L. Flanders, G. David Buntin, Francis P. F. Reay-Jones, Dominic Reisig, Jeffery J. Stuart, Subhashree Subramanyam, Richard H. Shukle, and Brandon J. Schemerhorn "A Novel, Economical Way to Assess Virulence in Field Populations of Hessian Fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Utilizing Wheat Resistance Gene H13 as a Model," Journal of Economic Entomology 110(4), 1863-1868, (17 May 2017). https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/tox129
Received: 30 September 2016; Accepted: 13 April 2017; Published: 17 May 2017
JOURNAL ARTICLE
6 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top