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25 May 2017 Occurrence of 15 Haplotypes of Linepithema micans (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Southern Brazil
Manuela Oliveira Ramalho, C. Martins, T. Campos, A. Nondillo, M. Botton, O. C. Bueno
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Abstract

The ant genus Linepithema is widely known, thanks to the pest species Linepithema humile (Mayr), which is easily mistaken for Linepithema micans (Forel) due to their morphological similarity. Like L. humile, L. micans is associated to the main grapevine pest in Brazil, Eurhizococcus brasiliensis (Wille), also known as ground pearl. Therefore, the present study uses mtDNA fragments to expand the knowledge of haplotype diversity and distribution of L. micans in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), to understand the genetic differences of the populations identified in this study. We identified 15 haplotypes of L. micans spread across different localities. Twelve of these haplotypes were new for the species. The high haplotype diversity uncovered in Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) for this species was predictable, as L. micans is in its native environment. Additional studies that take gene flow into account may reveal interesting aspects of diversity in these populations.

© The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com
Manuela Oliveira Ramalho, C. Martins, T. Campos, A. Nondillo, M. Botton, and O. C. Bueno "Occurrence of 15 Haplotypes of Linepithema micans (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Southern Brazil," Journal of Economic Entomology 110(4), 1841-1846, (25 May 2017). https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/tox152
Received: 3 January 2017; Accepted: 3 May 2017; Published: 25 May 2017
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