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3 July 2017 Biological Performance and Preference of Mahanarva spectabilis (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) for Feeding on Different Forage Plants
S.E.B. Silva, A. M. Auad, J. C. Moraes, R. Alvarenga, S. S. Claudino, T. T. Resende
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Abstract

The performance and preference of Mahanarva spectabilis (Distant) for feeding on different forage species were evaluated. The survival and duration of the nymphal period, longevity and fertility of adults, and food preferences (free choice) of adults of M. spectabilis were evaluated in a greenhouse trial, and food preferences of adults were also evaluated in laboratory tests without a choice of host plant. In the field, the numbers of plants with spittle masses were evaluated by forage sampling. Lower levels of nymph survival were observed in the greenhouse on Molasses grass, Jaraguá, Tanzânia, and Makueni. The duration of the nymphal period did not differ significantly on different forage species; however, the longevity and fertility of adults were significantly lower on Cynodon and Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. In the free-choice preference test, adult insects were attracted most strongly to B. decumbens and Jaraguá, with intermediate attraction to Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst ex A. Rich) Stapf and Pioneiro. In the test without host choice, insects exhibited lower excretion rates on Tanzânia, Cynodon, Jaraguá, B. brizantha, and Molasses grass, and those fed on Cynodon, Jaraguá, Molasses grass, and Makueni also exhibited reduced body mass. In the field, Pioneiro had the highest number of spittle masses, followed by Roxo de Botucatu. Thus, Molasses grass, Tanzânia, Makueni, and Jaraguá plants are less suitable food sources for M. spectabilis nymphs and adults. Additionally, although Jaraguá was less favorable to nymphs, it attracted food-seeking adults; hence, these plants have potential for use in control of M. spectabilis.

© The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com
S.E.B. Silva, A. M. Auad, J. C. Moraes, R. Alvarenga, S. S. Claudino, and T. T. Resende "Biological Performance and Preference of Mahanarva spectabilis (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) for Feeding on Different Forage Plants," Journal of Economic Entomology 110(4), 1877-1885, (3 July 2017). https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/tox180
Received: 21 March 2017; Accepted: 5 May 2017; Published: 3 July 2017
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