Thrips tabaci Lindeman is a widely distributed agricultural pest China, which causes damage to many vegetables and cash crops. However, the population genetic variation of this pest in China remains unknown. In this study, the genetic diversity and structure of T. tabaci on Allium hosts collected from 12 geographic locations were evaluated based on mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) sequences. Six haplotypes were identified in 247 T. tabaci individuals from 12 geographic locations. All the identified T. tabaci haplotypes were thelytokous populations. The strongest genetic differentiation and relatively low gene flow were found between QHXN and other locations, which might be due to geographic barriers, such as high altitude Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The lowest genetic variation was found in eastern and southern regions, with only one haplotype identified. The Mantel test showed no correlation between genetic distance and geographical distances. High gene flow between locations with substantial geographical distances suggested that migration of T. tabaci across China might be facilitated through human activities. The results of demographic analysis suggested that T. tabaci in China have undergone a recent demographic expansion. The possible influences of T. tabaci invasion history and human activities on the current haplotype geographical distribution were interpreted and the implications of these findings for T. tabaci management were discussed.
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Vol. 113 • No. 3