The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), is one of the most important pests of fruits worldwide. In the present study, we investigated the ovipositional response of C. capitata females to 37 compounds of fruit volatiles from various chemical groups and the dose response to five of them. Red plastic hollow hemispheres (domes) were used as oviposition substrates in all tests. Twenty of the compounds tested increased female egg laying compared to control substrates that contain no chemicals. With 16 compounds, similar number of eggs was deposited in treated and in control oviposition substrates. One terpene ((±)-linalool) reduced egg laying indicating a deterrent ovipositional effect. Both the esters and aldehydes tested increased the ovipositional responses in C. capitata. Most of the monoterpene hydrocarbons increased oviposition, while oxygenated monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes hydrocarbons, and oxygenated sesquiterpenes had mostly neutral effect. Ethyl hexanoate and R-(+)-limonene increased oviposition in the majority of doses tested. Different doses of (–)-linalool elicited differential female ovipositional responses. In contrast, valencene and citral, regardless of dose did not affect female oviposition. Practical implications of these findings are discussed.
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21 September 2021
Oviposition Responses of Female Mediterranean Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) to Fruit Volatile Compounds
Nikolaos T. Papadopoulos,
Dimitrios P. Papachristos