Vitellogenin (Vg) and the target of rapamycin (TOR) are important genes involved in insect reproduction regulation. In this work, the full lengths of the Vg (SfVg) and TOR (SfTOR) genes of the white-backed planthopper Sogatella furcifera were cloned. The expression pattern in females showed that SfVg was highly expressed in fat bodies, and SfTOR was highly expressed in Malpighian tubules. After silencing SfVg or SfTOR, female adults did not deposit eggs. Their ovarian development was delayed, and yolk protein deposition in the oocytes was reduced. However, wild-type females mated with SfTOR-silenced males could lay eggs and produce offsprings normally. The dissections of testes and accessory glands of males with SfTOR knockdown showed that their development was not affected. Therefore, the silencing of the SfVg or SfTOR genes can effectively inhibit female reproduction, but SfTOR knockdown has no significant effect on male reproductive capacity. Furthermore, silencing SfTOR can cause SfVg expression to decrease significantly. All of the above results revealed that SfVg and SfTOR are essential for white-backed planthopper reproduction and may provide a potential target for pest control.
target of rapamycin