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19 October 2022 Mortality of Emerald Ash Borer Larvae in Small Regenerating Ash in New York Forests
Juli Gould, Melissa K. Fierke, Mauri Hickin
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Despite a robust biocontrol program against emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), parasitoid populations cannot build quickly enough to save mature ash trees. The future of ash as a viable component of North American forests depends on survival of immature ash that were too small to be attacked during the initial outbreak. This study was designed to quantify impacts of established introduced parasitoids and native woodpeckers on the population growth of emerald ash borer infesting regenerating ash saplings in white ash forests. Most emerald ash borer larvae were killed by Tetrastichus planipennisi Yang and woodpeckers in the fourth instar. Life-table analyses revealed that the estimated net reproductive rate of emerald ash borer was R0 = 4.2 in eastern NewYork and R0 = 0.0 in western NewYork. Without mortality from parasitoids and woodpeckers, R0 values would have been 16.4 and 7.9 in eastern and western NewYork, respectively. We monitored the health of mature and sapling ash trees from 2012 to 2017 and found that large trees were significantly more likely to be infested with emerald ash borer and to die than smaller trees. Fifty-four percent to 81% of ash saplings contained no living emerald ash borer, and the density of emerald ash borer at all sites was very low (< 4/m2). This study adds to the growing body of evidence that emerald ash borer biocontrol is contributing to population control and can help promote survival of young ash trees as forests recover from emerald ash borer outbreaks.

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America 2022. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
Juli Gould, Melissa K. Fierke, and Mauri Hickin "Mortality of Emerald Ash Borer Larvae in Small Regenerating Ash in New York Forests," Journal of Economic Entomology 115(5), 1442-1454, (19 October 2022).
Received: 17 September 2021; Accepted: 24 April 2022; Published: 19 October 2022

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biological control
emerald ash borer
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