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16 November 2022 Susceptibilities of Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Populations From the Mississippi Delta to a Diamide Insecticide
K. C. Allen, N. S. Little, O. P. Perera
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The corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), is a major pest of row crops in the Southern United States. Control of this insect is dependent on preventative insecticidal transgenic crops and synthetic insecticide applications when damaging populations are encountered in the field. Recently, the use of chemicals from the diamide class of insecticides, particularly chlorantraniliprole, has been used to control unacceptable populations. Due to the increased importance of this active ingredient for control of corn earworms, populations of this insect from the Mississippi Delta have been monitored for susceptibilities annually since 2016. Overall, 58 populations of H. zea were examined for their susceptibility to chlorantraniliprole through diet-incorporated bioassays from 2016 to 2021. Based on probit analysis, there was only a 4-fold difference between the highest and lowest LC50 estimates for all populations tested. Through weights of 2nd and 3rd instar larvae, there appears to be a substantial fitness cost associated with surviving caterpillars that fed on various concentrations of chlorantraniliprole in bioassays, which is not captured through the yes or no response of typical survival analysis. Overall, there was not a detectable trend of reduced susceptibility to chlorantraniliprole over the course of the six-year study.

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America 2022. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
K. C. Allen, N. S. Little, and O. P. Perera "Susceptibilities of Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Populations From the Mississippi Delta to a Diamide Insecticide," Journal of Economic Entomology 116(1), 160-167, (16 November 2022).
Received: 8 August 2022; Accepted: 24 October 2022; Published: 16 November 2022

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corn earworm
Helicoverpa zea
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