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8 February 2023 Determination of Residual Control and Concentration of Chlorantraniliprole in Soybean
Jacob Smith, W. D. Crow, A. L. Catchot, D. Cook, J. Gore
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Studies were conducted in 2020 and 2021 at the Delta Research and Extension Center in Stoneville, MS to determine concentrations of chlorantraniliprole (Prevathon, FMC Corporation, Philadelphia, PA) in soybean (Glycine max L.) leaves and florets. Chlorantraniliprole was applied as a foliar spray at four rates (0.028, 0.053, 0.078, 0.103 kg ai ha–1) for leaves and two rates (0.053, 0.078 kg ai ha–1) for florets. Leaf bioassays with corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), were conducted concurrently to determine mortality within three plant zones to evaluate chlorantraniliprole distribution throughout the canopy. For the leaf study, plants were partitioned into three zones consisting of a top (18th node), middle (13th node), and bottom (9th node) zone. Leaf samples from each zone were analyzed for chemical concentrations and bioassays were conducted at 1, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after treatment (DAT). Floret samples were analyzed at 4, 7, 10, and 14 DAT. Concentrations of chlorantraniliprole, though variable, provided >71% control through all sampling dates, application rates, and canopy zones tested. Chlorantraniliprole was viable up to 28 DAT. Results from the soybean floret study suggested chlorantraniliprole was detected in florets up to 14 DAT. An additional leaf bioassay was conducted using concentrations detected in the floret study. Concentrations in florets provided mortality of corn earworm up to 48% out to 14 DAT. With a long residual expected, chlorantraniliprole applications should continue to be used to control corn earworm infestations in soybean and some additional control could be expected in florets.

Jacob Smith, W. D. Crow, A. L. Catchot, D. Cook, and J. Gore "Determination of Residual Control and Concentration of Chlorantraniliprole in Soybean," Journal of Economic Entomology 116(2), 472-477, (8 February 2023).
Received: 18 November 2022; Accepted: 12 January 2023; Published: 8 February 2023

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