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21 July 2023 Differential development and survival of Blattella asahinai and Blattella germanica (Blattodea: Ectobiidae) at six constant temperatures
Madison K. Peterson, Xing Ping Hu, Arthur G. Appel
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Abstract

The Asian cockroach, Blattella asahinai Mizukubo, is a peridomestic nuisance pest in the southeastern United States. Blattella asahinai is the closest relative to Blattella germanica (L.), the German cockroach, one of the most prolific and widespread domestic pests. Because these two species live in different habitats, they are expected to have differential development patterns reflecting environmental adaptations. Development of B. asahinai and B. germanica cockroach nymphs were observed at six constant temperatures ranging from 10 to 35 °C. At 10 °C and 15 °C, all nymphs died in the first instar, but B. germanica nymphs survived longer (10 °C: 12.9 d; 15 °C: 42.9 d) than B. asahinai nymphs (10 °C 8.2 d; 15 °C 18.4 d) at both temperatures. At 20 °C, 25 °C, and 30 °C, B. asahinai consistently had more instars and longer stadia than B. germanica. At 35 °C, only B. germanica was able to complete nymphal development; cannibalism among B. asahinai nymphs during molting was often observed at this temperature. The results for B. asahinai corroborated previously estimated growth patterns. The lower nymphal development threshold was 14.1 °C for B. germanica and 13.7 °C for B. asahinai. Comparing the development of B. germanica directly with its closest relative reveals specific physiological adaptations that B. germanica has developed for the indoor biome.

Madison K. Peterson, Xing Ping Hu, and Arthur G. Appel "Differential development and survival of Blattella asahinai and Blattella germanica (Blattodea: Ectobiidae) at six constant temperatures," Journal of Economic Entomology 116(5), 1776-1786, (21 July 2023). https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toad141
Received: 10 April 2023; Accepted: 10 July 2023; Published: 21 July 2023
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KEYWORDS
degree-day
instar
pest
survival
temperature
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