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20 August 2023 Systemic insecticides for control of stem gall wasp in highbush blueberry
Amber K. DeVisser, Christine Vandervoort, Rufus Isaacs, John Wise
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The gall wasp, Hemadas nubilipennis Ashmead, is a pest of highbush and lowbush blueberry and can pose a challenge to control with foliar sprays due to adult activity being during bloom and because larval development is within plant tissues. We hypothesized that systemic insecticides that move within the blueberry vascular system would reach areas where H. nubilipennis eggs are laid, causing larval mortality. Three application methods, crown injection, soil drench, and foliar spray were applied to potted ‘Jersey’ blueberry bushes at 50% and 100% rates to quantify systemic residue concentrations in shoots and leaves. Additionally, systemic insecticides were evaluated for control of gall wasps using single-shoot bioassays and measuring larval mortality at 0.01%, 0.1%, 1%, and 10% of field rate provided within a floral pick. Systemic insecticides tested in both studies included imidacloprid, flupyradifurone, and spirotetramat. The potted bush residue study determined that insecticides moved from three tested sites of entry: the roots, crown cavity, and foliage. Results from the shoot bioassays found that the mean percent larval survival of H. nubilipennis was negatively correlated with the concentration of AI detected in galls. Imidacloprid and spirotetramat were found to have the greatest potential for control of H. nubilipennis due to mortality in the shoot bioassays and similar residue concentrations in the potted bush studies to shoot bioassays. Future research should evaluate systemic insecticides applied in highbush blueberry plantings for control of H. nubilipennis using the bioassay mortality assessment method developed in this study.

Amber K. DeVisser, Christine Vandervoort, Rufus Isaacs, and John Wise "Systemic insecticides for control of stem gall wasp in highbush blueberry," Journal of Economic Entomology 116(5), 1737-1749, (20 August 2023).
Received: 25 April 2023; Accepted: 31 July 2023; Published: 20 August 2023

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gall wasp
soil drench
systemic insecticide
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