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6 October 2023 Population genetics of Leptoglossus clypealis (Hemiptera: Coreidae) in the Western United States
Jesus F. Esquivel, Andrea L. Joyce
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The leaffooted bug, Leptoglossus clypealis Heidemann, is a seed-feeding economic pest of crops including almonds and pistachios. The historical distribution of L. clypealis has been considered to be West of the Mississippi in the United States. L. clypealis was recently found in sorghum in the Coastal Bend of Texas, representing a new host record and new collection locality. This study investigated the genetic diversity of L. clypealis museum voucher samples from the Western United States (i.e., Texas, California, and Idaho) collected from 1994 to 2019, including the L. clypealis samples from the Coastal Bend. Eleven new sequences were obtained. Sample sequences were compared with public sequences of L. clypealis from the Western United States. The mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase 1 (mtDNA COI) barcode gene region revealed differences among and within the collection regions. Texas, Idaho, and California all had samples with unique genotypes, and the combined dataset had a haplotype diversity of 1.0. The Texas specimens recently collected in the Coastal Bend did not match genotypes from California or Idaho, and it is unlikely they were recently introduced. Overall, L. clypealis from Texas, Idaho, and California have a high level of genetic diversity, and the 3 regions appear to be within the native range of the species.

Jesus F. Esquivel and Andrea L. Joyce "Population genetics of Leptoglossus clypealis (Hemiptera: Coreidae) in the Western United States," Journal of Economic Entomology 116(6), 2201-2206, (6 October 2023).
Received: 13 March 2023; Accepted: 7 September 2023; Published: 6 October 2023

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leaffooted bug
population genetics
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