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1 April 2000 Progeny Production by Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) and Oryzaephilus surinamensis (Coleoptera: Silvanidae) on Maize Previously Infested by Sitotroga cerealella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)
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Abstract

A laboratory experiment was conducted to quantify the effects of infestation of maize by Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier) on progeny production by two common secondary colonizers of grain, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.). Adults of both secondary pest species were allowed to oviposit for 3 wk on intact kernels of ‘DeKalb 689’, mechanically split kernels, kernels that had been infested for 3 mo by S. cerealella, and kernels that had been infested for 6 mo. Progeny of both species reached highest numbers on 6-mo infested maize. Prior infestation for 6 mo by S. cerealella makes maize a more suitable medium for reproduction by T. castaneum and O. surinamensis, much more than can be accounted for by mere disruption of kernel integrity resulting from larval feeding. The results highlight the importance of limiting establishment by S. cerealella on maize in storage.

Paul A. Weston and Patti L. Rattlingourd "Progeny Production by Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) and Oryzaephilus surinamensis (Coleoptera: Silvanidae) on Maize Previously Infested by Sitotroga cerealella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 93(2), 533-536, (1 April 2000). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-93.2.533
Received: 17 March 1999; Accepted: 1 December 1999; Published: 1 April 2000
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