Several biotypes of the greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), attack winter wheat, Triticum aestivum L., on the Southern Plains every year. Two wheat germplasm sources of resistance (‘Largo’ and ‘GRS 1201’) have been developed that provide protection against the three predominant greenbug biotypes (E, I, and K). Each source has agronomic and end-use quality advantages and disadvantages for the breeder to consider in choosing a greenbug-resistant breeding line. We compared these two germplasms to determine their levels of resistance against biotype E. Components of resistance (i.e., antibiosis, antixenosis, and tolerance) were measured on seedlings of GRS 1201, Largo, and ‘TAM W-101’ (a susceptible control). Several aphid and plant measurements (e.g., total number of aphids produced per plant, aphid selection preferences, and plant damage ratings) were recorded for each plant entry. Select data recorded for each resistance component were normalized and combined to derive a plant resistance index for each wheat entry. Results indicated that GRS 1201 had a higher level of combined resistance components than did Largo, followed by TAM W-101, the susceptible control. These data provide additional information for the breeder to consider in selecting a greenbug-resistant breeding line.
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Vol. 93 • No. 3