Control methods in pest earth mites and other mites often depend on low dispersal rates, yet there are no experimental estimates of these rates. To rectify this, adult movement rates were estimated in the earth mite Halotydeus destructor Tucker and the winter grain mite, Penthaleus major (Dugès), using mark-release-recapture techniques. Mean square dispersal distances were used to estimate diffusion coefficients. In pasture, coefficients were in the range 0.3–1.3 for these species. This suggests that 90% of the population moves <5–11 m in a 10-d period, or 7–16 m within their adult lifetime. Releases of mites in adjacent pea/wheat crops indicated directional movement toward the more favored pea host. However, there was no directional movement when adjacent plots of peas and lupins were compared, even though lupins are poor hosts. These results indicate that broad border sprays or border culturing will be needed to prevent mite movement from adjacent paddocks.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 93 • No. 5