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1 June 2001 Effect of Planting Dates and Bacillus thuringiensis Corn on the Population Dynamics of European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
Clinton D. Pilcher, Marlin E. Rice
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Field studies were conducted to determine how field corn, Zea mays L., phenologies in combination with transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner (Bt) corn and non-Bt (near isogenic) corn could affect egg laying by female European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner), and subsequent larval injury. Transgenic Bt (events 176 and Bt11) and non-Bt corn was planted at three different times to assess the use of early- and late- planted Bt corn as a means for egg recruitment to these targeted planting dates. Plant growth stages, egg densities, and stalk tunneling was recorded at four locations in southwestern, central, and northern Iowa for three summers (1996–1998). No significant differences in egg densities were observed between Bt and non-Bt corn during the first and second generation for all three years. Significant differences did occur among planting dates. Between 50 and 100% of the eggs were laid in the early planting during the first generation. In addition, between 40 and 65% of the eggs were laid in the late planting for the second generation. Correlations between egg density and larval tunneling were inconsistent from year to year. Additional inconsistencies stemming from yearly phenological differences among sequential plantings and variable O. nubilalis populations increases the difficulty in recommending planting date adjustments as a practical management tool for European corn borer and Bt corn.

Clinton D. Pilcher and Marlin E. Rice "Effect of Planting Dates and Bacillus thuringiensis Corn on the Population Dynamics of European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 94(3), 730-742, (1 June 2001).
Received: 31 May 2000; Accepted: 1 January 2001; Published: 1 June 2001

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