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1 February 2002 Effect of Transgenic Plants Expressing High Levels of a Tobacco Anionic Peroxidase on the Toxicity of Anagrapha falcifera Nucleopolyhedrovirus to Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
R. W. Behle, P. F. Dowd, P. Tamez-Guerra, L. M. Lagrimini
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Abstract

Wild type and corresponding transgenic tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller) and two tobacco (Nicotiana spp.) plants that express high levels of a tobacco anionic peroxidase were used to determine what type of interactions occurred between peroxidase altered plant chemistry and the baculovirus Anagrapha falcifera nucleopolyhedrovirus (AfMNPV) for control of neonate corn earworms, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie). Transgenic plants expressed approximately five to 400 times higher peroxidase activity than corresponding tissues of wild type plants. The H. zea larvae typically fed 1.5 times less on transgenic compared with wild type leaf disks. There was only one experiment (of three with tomato leaves) where the larvae that fed on transgenic leaves were less susceptible to the virus based on nonoverlapping 95% confidence intervals for LC50 values. When the exposure dose was corrected for reduced feeding on the transgenic leaf disks, the insecticidal activity of the virus was not significantly different for larvae fed on transgenic versus wild type plants. Eight other experiments (with tomato and two species of tobacco) indicated either no significant effect or enhanced susceptibility (when corrected for feeding rates) to the virus of larvae fed on the transgenic leaves. These results indicate enhanced insect resistance in plants expressing high levels of a specific anionic peroxidase may be compatible with applications of AfMNPV. Potential reasons for this compatibility are discussed.

R. W. Behle, P. F. Dowd, P. Tamez-Guerra, and L. M. Lagrimini "Effect of Transgenic Plants Expressing High Levels of a Tobacco Anionic Peroxidase on the Toxicity of Anagrapha falcifera Nucleopolyhedrovirus to Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 95(1), 81-88, (1 February 2002). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-95.1.81
Received: 11 April 2001; Accepted: 1 October 2001; Published: 1 February 2002
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