The plant parasitic mite Penthaleus major (Dugès) occurs as a pest on perennial grasses in hayfields in Iceland, northern Norway, and southern Greenland. In these areas it appears as a summer phenomenon, contrary to more southern locations, where it appears as a pest on winter crops. Up to 500 individuals of P. major were collected per day in pitfall traps. Spring application of 44 ml/ha of permethrin and 5 ml of deltamethrin significantly reduced but did not eliminate the populations of P. major the following weeks. In addition to this immediate effect, spring application also decreased the mite populations in the fall and even the following spring. Additional effects might be obtained by earlier spring application. Despite a significant reduction in mite populations and reduction in visible plant damage, significant differences on dry matter yield were rarely registered. A side effect of application was a small but significant reduction in potassium-content of the yield, and the reduction in mite population was accompanied by a corresponding reduction in the number of spiders.
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Vol. 95 • No. 2