Susceptibility to tebufenozide and methoxyfenozide of beet armyworm [Spodoptera exigua (Hübner)] from the southern United States and Thailand was determined through exposure of first and third instars to dipped cotton leaves. Among the field populations evaluated, tebufenozide LC50 values for first and third instars, respectively, ranged from 0.377 to 4.41 and 4.37–46.6 μg (AI)/ml of solution. Methoxyfenozide LC50 values for first and third instars of field populations ranged from 0.058 to 0.487 and 0.601–3.83 μg (AI)/ml of solution. A Thailand field strain exhibiting reduced susceptibility to both compounds was subjected to intense laboratory selection for three nonconsecutive generations. At the LC50 and LC90, selected Thailand strains were 45–68 times and 150–1,500 times less susceptible to tebufenozide and 340–320 times and 120–67 times less susceptible to methoxyfenozide as first and third instars, respectively, when compared with the laboratory reference strain. Among the U.S. field populations evaluated, ones from Belle Glade, FL, and Florence, SC, were generally the most susceptible and ones from Maricopa and Parker, AZ, were the least susceptible. Selection of the Thailand field strain with tebufenozide reduced susceptibility to both compounds, and selection of Thailand strains previously pressured with either compound further reduced susceptibility to both, suggesting at least some commonality of resistance mechanism. Characterization of this resistance will provide information that will be helpful for pro-active management of resistance for this valuable group of insecticides.
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Vol. 95 • No. 2