The relationship between number of holes in a grain probe trap body and capture of stored-grain pests was determined in laboratory tests using adults of the rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (L.), the sawtoothed grain beetle, Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.), and the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Polyvinylchloride (PVC) probe bodies were attached to electronic sensor heads, and insect captures were recorded electronically using an Electronic Grain Probe Insect Counter (EGPIC) system. In comparisons among PVC probe trap bodies with 60–492 holes, tested at 71 insects per kg in 2.8 kg of soft wheat in cylindrical mini-silos, sawtoothed grain beetle and rice weevil captures were directly related to number of holes in the probe trap body, but there was no relationship for red flour beetle capture. Subsequent tests were conducted comparing sawtoothed grain beetle and rice weevil captures in a PVC probe body with 210 holes over a 40-cm long trapping surface with two commercially available probe traps, a polycarbonate (Lexan) probe trap with 180 holes over a 14-cm long trapping surface and a polyethylene (WBII) probe trap with 750 holes over a 34-cm long trapping surface. The highest percentage capture of both species was in the WBII probe trap, but the 210-hole PVC probe body was as effective as the Lexan probe body for rice weevils and sawtoothed grain beetles at 71 and 17 insects per kg of wheat, respectively.
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Vol. 95 • No. 6