Fifty-eight synthetic hexaploid wheats, developed by crossing Triticum dicoccum Schrank. and Aegilops tauschii (Coss.) Schmal., were evaluated at the seedling stage, together with their parents, for resistance to greenbug (Schizaphis graminum Rondani) under greenhouse conditions. Seedlings of different synthetic hexaploids showed large phenotypic differences for resistance. All the T. dicoccum parents were susceptible, while high levels of resistance were observed in some of the Ae. tauschii parents. Of the synthetic hexaploids derived from resistant Ae. tauschii parents, a high proportion (76%) showed levels of resistance to the greenbug biotype used that were comparable to those of the resistant parent. While there were clear indications of the presence of suppressor genes for greenbug resistance in the A and/or B genomes of T. dicoccum in some synthetics, positive epistatic interaction was also found in synthetic hexaploids with higher levels of resistance than that of either parent. Resistance from different Ae. tauschii accessions was expressed differently when crossed with the same T. dicoccum, indicating diversity among the resistance genes present in the test synthetic hexaploid wheats. Based on resistance reactions, the genes conferring greenbug resistance in these synthetic hexaploids are probably different from resistance genes previously transferred to wheat from Ae. tauschii.
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Vol. 96 • No. 1