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1 April 2003 Toxicity, Repellency, and Horizontal Transmission of Fipronil in the Formosan Subterranean Termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)
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Abstract

Toxicity of fipronil was evaluated against field-collected Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki. In topical application assays, fipronil was highly effective against both workers and soldiers at very low doses. Acute toxicity after 24 h was significantly greater in workers than in soldiers. The LD50s were 2.59- and 2.91-fold greater with soldiers than with workers from the two tested colonies. The LD50s of fipronil at 72 h after treatment were <2.0 ng/insect, with no significant differences regarding the tested workers/soldiers or colonies. Treated soldiers placed with untreated workers significantly increased worker mortality. However, there was no significant horizontal transmission of fipronil from treated workers to untreated soldiers. Fipronil at rates of 0.063% or less showed no repellency, whereas sand treatments of 0.125% fipronil were repellent to termite workers.

Sanaa A. Ibrahim, Gregg Henderson, and Huixin Fei "Toxicity, Repellency, and Horizontal Transmission of Fipronil in the Formosan Subterranean Termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 96(2), 461-467, (1 April 2003). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-96.2.461
Received: 8 April 2002; Accepted: 1 November 2002; Published: 1 April 2003
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