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1 June 2003 Systemic Effects of Neem on Western Flower Thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
G. Thoeming, C. Borgemeister, M. Sétamou, H-M. Poehling
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The systemic effects of neem on the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), were investigated in laboratory trials using green bean, Phaseolus vulgaris L., in arena and microcosm experiments. In arena experiments, systemic effects of neem against western flower thrips larvae on primary bean leaves were observed with maximum corrected mortality of 50.6%. In microcosm experiments using bean seedlings, higher efficacy in the control of western flower thrips were observed with soil applications of neem on a substrate mixture (i.e., Fruhstorfer Erde, Type P, and sand) in a 1:1 ratio (93% corrected mortality) compared with application on the commercial substrate only (76% corrected mortality). However, longer persistence of neem was observed with soil application on the commercial substrate, which showed effects against thrips for up to 6 d after application. In addition to systemic effects observed on all foliage-feeding stages of western flower thrips, mortality on contact and repellent effects were observed on soil-inhabiting stages after soil applications of neem. Finally, bean seedlings grown from seeds pregerminated for 3 d in neem emulsion were also toxic to western flower thrips.

G. Thoeming, C. Borgemeister, M. Sétamou, and H-M. Poehling "Systemic Effects of Neem on Western Flower Thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 96(3), 817-825, (1 June 2003).
Received: 30 September 2002; Accepted: 1 February 2003; Published: 1 June 2003

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Azadirachta indica
soil application
systemic effects
western flower thrips
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