This study investigated the uptake of three macronutrients, including nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), by rice roots in response to different infestation levels of Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Homoptera: Delphacidae). Hydroponics experiments were conducted on the rice variety ‘Zhendao 2’ (moderately resistant to Tryporyza incertulas, Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and the variety ‘Xiushui 63’ (susceptible to N. lugens). In ‘Zhendao 2’, N. lugens infestation significantly influenced the uptake of P and K but not N, with P and K uptake decreasing as the duration of N. lugens infestation increased. In ‘Xiushui 63’, N. lugens infestation influenced N, P, and K uptake to a different degree, depending on the infestation level, in which infestation for 2, 4, 6, and 8 d at a density of 60 nymphs did not affect N uptake, but such infestation levels significantly influenced the uptake of P and K. After the removal of N. lugens from rice plants, the N uptake recovered from infestation faster than that for P and K in the variety ‘Zhendao 2’, whereas the recovery rate of K uptake was faster than that for N and P in the variety ‘Xiushui 63’. The recovery rate of the nutrient uptake was negatively correlated to the density and duration of infestation. The experimental results demonstrated that N, P, and K uptake of rice roots were largely not influenced by N. lugens infestation when the pest density was controlled below 15 nymphs per hill. This infestation level was in agreement with the proposed economic thresholds for control measures against the N. lugens infestation on rice plants.
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Vol. 96 • No. 6